sport psychology research articles

Weibull, Cumming, Cooley, Williams, and Burns (2015) examined whether a brief (one week) imagery intervention could increase barrier self-efficacy among a group of women who were interested in becoming more active. Compared to their control counterparts, novice surgeons who received imagery training demonstrated reduced self-reported stress as well as decreased objective stress (heart rate and salivary cortisol; Arora et al., 2011). As such, several theories have been proposed (psychoneuromuscular, bioinformational, triple code). Imagery is considered to be intrusive as it can capture attention, cause distractions, and provoke unpleasant physiological and emotional reactions (Brewin, Gregory, Lipton, & Burgess, 2010). Members may access JASP online in the Members area. Rather, coaches and sport practitioners often encourage their athletes to focus on process goals (e.g., completing stretching exercises prior to competition) rather than outcome goals. The uses of imagery in sport, exercise, and performance domains will be examined and avenues for future research suggested. Guided by Paivio’s (1985) model, Martin, Moritz, and Hall (1999) developed the Applied Model of Imagery Use in Sport (AMIUS) to explain the way in which athletes use imagery to improve athletic performance. The Journal of Sport Psychology in Action (JSPA) provides psychology practitioners involved in the sport industry with sound information that is immediately applicable to their work. In a separate study, school-aged children who were assigned to an imagery group showed greater levels of active play and self-determined motivation following a four-week intervention compared to children assigned to a control group (Guerrero, Tobin, Munroe-Chandler, & Hall, 2015). As such, it seems as though personality characteristics (i.e., narcissism) may influence the effectiveness of psychological skills and thereby require additional investigation. Sophisticated neuroimaging techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imagery (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), as well as mental chronometry (informs about the temporal coupling between real and simulated movements), have allowed researchers to test functional equivalence and to gain a greater understanding between imagery and movement. Virtually all individuals, regardless of their occupations, are required to perform at some point or another. Additionally, participants who received imagery training also demonstrated better performance during a live critical incident simulation (Arnetz et al., 2009). How is it related to sport sciences? INT J SPORT PSYCHOL)Journal description. The MIAMS assesses the ability of an athlete to use MG-A and MG-M imagery, wherein the participant images the scene and then rates the image on an ease subscale 1 (not at all easy to form) to 7 (very easy to form) and an emotion subscale 1(no emotion) to 7 (very strong emotion). It is generally argued that MG-A imagery may be more beneficial for athletes who experience debilitative interpretations of pre-competitive anxiety as opposed to those who experience facilitative interpretations (Martin, Moritz, & Hall, 1999). Imagery, which can be used by anyone, is appealing to performers because it is executed individually and can be performed at anytime and anywhere. Investigators examining the positive effects of CS imagery have found significant improvements in young soccer players’ time to complete a soccer task (Munroe-Chandler, Hall, Fishburne, Murphy, & Hall, 2012) as well as adult equestrian riders’ performance and self-efficacy for a specific skill (Davies, Boxall, Szekeres, & Greenlees, 2014). Seven key factors are identified to help guide imagery interventions; physical, environment, task, timing, learning, emotion, and perspective. Exploring the sport domain, one can clearly identify that actual outcome measures such as win–loss percentage, points gained, and ranking are more commonly used than perceived ones. Research article Full text access Using tele-health to enhance motivation, leisure time physical activity, and quality of life in adults with spinal cord injury: A self-determination theory-based pilot randomized control trial Although not often acknowledged, Lang introduced the concept of meaning to the image, enhancing the relevance of the theory. However, as noted in the literature (Morris et al., 2005), this model neglects the cognitive effects of imagery, which is an important consideration for skill acquisition and learning. Sometimes people find that it helps to close their eyes. It requires the participant to rate the 24 items on the vividness of imagery from 1 (perfectly clear and as vivid as normal vision) to 5 (no image at all; you only know that you are thinking of the skill). As Simon et al. Although few imagery interventions have utilized objective measures of physical activity, the research that has been conducted in this area illustrates positive impact of imagery. This model has allowed for the refinement and development of exercise imagery research (e.g., Andersson & Moss, 2011; Najafabadi, Memari, Kordi, Shayestehfar, & Eshghi, 2015). In an effort to fill this gap, Roberts et al. The breadth of the application of imagery is far reaching. In essence, imagery is creating, or recreating, the entirety of an experience in one’s mind. Although the MIQ-3 has shown to be a reliable and valid measure (Williams et al., 2012), because of the recentness of its development, more research is warranted using this measure. For example, what aspects were strong, easy, vague, or difficult to image? Measurement of imagery ability and frequency, which has been assessed primarily through the use of self-report, will be discussed, along with various factors influencing imagery use, including ability, speed, age, skill level and perspective. Stimulus response, on the other hand, refers to the physiological and affective reaction experienced by the individual imaging. This hypothesis was supported using two independent samples. From the early theories of imagery (e.g., psychoneuromuscular) to the more recent … The cognitive development of the individual, most often distinguished by age, is another factor influencing imagery use. Sport psychology (or sports psychology) is the scientific study of the psychological factors that influence performance in sports.Sport psychology professionals aim to increase athletic performance by instilling mental toughness and minimizing the … Apart from the previously mentioned models, some sport psychology researchers have called for models of imagery to be grounded in neuroscience; the PETTLEP is one such model (Holmes & Collins, 2001). Although it was readily used for some time as a measure of imagery ability, Hall and Martin (1997) revised the MIQ (Movement Imagery Questionnaire–Revised; MIQ-R), reducing the number of items and thus minimizing the amount of time needed to complete the questionnaire. Evidence for the effectiveness of using imagery to increase exercise self-efficacy has also been found in other intervention studies, including Duncan, Rodgers, Hall, and Wilson (2011). The Journal of Applied Sport Psychology publishes research to advance thought, theory, and research related to sport and exercise psychology. Given that narcissists enjoy looking at themselves from the point of others, it was hypothesized that those high in narcissism would score higher on external visual imagery and better on their motor performance when compared to those low in narcissism. In a sample of adolescent girls, Najafabadi et al. Though MG-A images have been negatively associated with athletes’ self-reported cognitive and somatic anxiety (Monsma & Overby, 2004), few studies have examined the direct effects of MG-A imagery on competitive anxiety. The cognitive general (CG) function entails imaging strategies, game plans, or routines (e.g., a fast break in basketball), whereas the cognitive specific (CS) function involves imaging specific skills (e.g., follow through on a free throw). This is significant because research conclusively demonstrates that individual differences in imagery ability will have an impact on the effectiveness of imagery, and that high imagery ability leads to the ultimate goal: improved performance on a variety of motor tasks (Hall, 2001). By generating images in a layered fashion, starting with a simple image and gradually incorporating additional information in subsequent layers, imagery ability improves. Articles: Sports Psychology and Mental Training. The revised version of the EII (EII-R; Giacobbi, Tuccitto, Buman, & Munroe-Chandler, 2010) measures the same four subscales of the original version, in addition to exercise routines. For instance, engaging in self-generated imagery of a task requiring physical self-control (i.e., handgrip squeeze) led to performance decreases in a subsequent handgrip task for those who performed imagery compared to those who rested quietly (Graham, Sonne, & Bray, 2014). Much of the research conducted by Kosslyn and colleagues (e.g., Kosslyn, Margolis, Barrett, Goldknopf, & Daly, 1990) in the general psychology domain notes differences in imagery use between children and adults. The Movement Imagery Questionnaire (MIQ; Hall & Pongrac, 1983) assesses both visual and kinesthetic imagery. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. The most cited articles published since 2018, extracted from, Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: An updated review of reviews and an analysis of causality, FEPSAC position statement: Mental health disorders in elite athletes and models of service provision, A primer on investigating the after effects of acute bouts of physical activity on cognition, A needs-supportive intervention to help PE teachers enhance students' prosocial behavior and diminish antisocial behavior, Habit and physical activity: Theoretical advances, practical implications, and agenda for future research, Theories of physical activity behaviour change: A history and synthesis of approaches, Associations between students’ perceptions of physical education teachers’ interpersonal styles and students’ wellness, knowledge, performance, and intentions to persist at physical activity: A self-determination theory approach, Psychology of athletes' dual careers: A state-of-the-art critical review of the European discourse, Youth sport as a context for supporting mental health: Adolescent male perspectives, Football refereeing: An integrative review, Cultural sport psychology as a pathway to advances in identity and settlement research to practice, Body image, physical activity, and sport: A scoping review. Using cognitive imagery to enhance skill acquisition and performance (CS imagery) has received the most attention among researchers (Morris, Spittle, & Watt, 2005). Printed from Oxford Research Encyclopedias, Psychology. Psychometric properties of the questionnaire have proved favorable, with acceptable model fit and adequate internal consistencies for the subscales (Gregg & Hall, 2006). Here are a few sports psychology paper topics hat are enlisted below by the experts of Students Assignment Help. Imagery has also been used to modify individuals’ motivation toward exercise. In one study, a MG-M imagery intervention was implemented with four elite junior badminton players (Callow, Hardy, & Hall, 2001). Some researchers (Munroe, Giacobbi, Hall, & Weinberg, 2000; Smith, Wright, Allsopp, & Westhead, 2007) support athletes using a combination of internal and external perspectives. The Journal of Applied Sport Psychology (JASP) is a refereed journal designed to significantly advance thought, theory, and research on applied aspects of sport and exercise psychology. Publishes applied research in sports psychology for the practice and understanding of performance enhancement, health and well being, and clinical disorders. The most commonly discussed theories in sport, exercise, and performance psychology are presented along with an overview on the conceptual models of imagery. Imagery use, in the absence of physical practice, has also shown to have promising effects on performance. Currently, skill level has been dichotomized as novice vs. elite or experienced vs non-experienced. Most of the motivational imagery interventions have targeted the MG-M imagery function, and results from these studies are promising. We welcome articles, research notes, case studies, commentaries. Despite the appeal of the simplistic explanation, a deeper understanding of how imagery works is necessary. Indeed, a special issue of the Journal of Mental Imagery (2012) was dedicated solely to imagery perspective. One’s ability to image includes various dimensions such as vividness, controllability, and maintenance (Morris, Spittle, & Watt, 2005). It is well established that imagery has cognitive and motivational functions that operate at a general or specific level. In the revised model of deliberate imagery use, Cumming and Williams (2013) suggest that in addition to the skill level of the athlete, other relevant individual characteristics to consider are experience with and confidence using imagery. The breadth of the application of imagery is far reaching. The Journal of Applied Sport Psychology (JASP) is a refereed journal designed to significantly advance thought, theory, and research on applied aspects of sport and exercise psychology. More recent research, however, has combined self-report with other indices of imagery experiences such as chronometry or functional magnetic resonance imagery (fMRI) (Guillot & Collet, 2005). The SIQ-C includes 21 items, which assesses the same five functions as those identified in the adult version (CS, CG, MS, MG-A, MG-M). Specifically, imagery scripts that contained MG-A images (psyching up imagery, anxiety imagery, and coping imagery) led to greater increases in athletes’ heart rate and anxiety intensity (Cumming et al., 2007), while individualized MG-A imagery scripts led to more facilitative interpretations of symptoms related to competitive anxiety (Mellalieu et al., 2009). Although no changes in subjective or objective stress were found, participants did significantly improve their performance from pre- to post-test. Following the completion of the intervention, all but one badminton player showed significant improvements in their sport confidence. For many years, researchers have been interested in the way in which imagery is used and applied by individuals. Collectively, research guided by the aforementioned theories and models has advanced our understanding of the occurrence and consequences of the athlete burnout syndrome while also serving as a useful guide to informing applied practice in sport (DeFreese, Smith, & Raedeke, 2015).This review of the burnout literature is intended to be representative … (2018) recently noted, sport plays a significant role in the lives of millions of people throughout the world. All the topics in sports psychology are suggested for free on cost and students can modify them a bit to frame a new unique topic of their choice.. What is the role of inner motivation to get success in sports? Burnout is used and applied by individuals once production of your article has started, you can the. Indices ( Giacobbi et al., 2009 ) imagery experience even if provided with same. 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